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After counting the valence electrons, we have a total of 9 [5 from nitrogen + 4(1 from each hydrogen)] = 9. The HF molecules, with a short H–F bond of 95 pm, are linked to neighboring molecules by intermolecular H–F distances of 155 pm. this is due to hydrogen bonding that occurs between molecules. Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present. Hydrogen does not do double bonding (it only does one bond) nor does fluorine (it cannot expand its octet). This structure helps in understanding the arrangement of valence electrons around the atoms in the molecule. So we have a total of 8 valence electrons to work with. In the ClOF2 +HF2 − and ClOF2 +BF4 −−HF systems, this cation exists as a pyramidal structure (C s symmetry), while in the ClOF2 +AuF6 −−HF system, it exists as a planar structure (C 2v symmetry). It also aids with understanding the bonds formed in the molecule and the electrons not participating in any bond formation. These valence electrons are represented by drawing dots around the individual atoms, hence the Lewis dot structure. The acidity of liquid HF can be increased by adding one of several inorganic fluorides that are Lewis acids and accept F – ion (for example, BF 3 or SbF 5). 5 electron pairs. A: None. HF: Textbook Solutions 6926. By registering, I agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Video Lessons, Example: Draw the electron-dot symbol for each of the following elements. Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present. fullscreen. A Lewis structure can be drawn for a molecule or ion by following three steps: Step 1: Count the total number of valence electrons. Draw Lewis electron dot structure of HF - … The Lewis structure will help us know the location of electrons around the atoms in the molecule and how the atoms are organized. Electrons. Here is the electron dot structure for a single N atom: The total number of valence electrons between the two N atoms is 10 e^-. The Lewis structure of which of the following formula violates the octet rule? Chemistry Q&A Library Draw the Lewis structure of HF. Once you get the total number of valence electrons, you can make a Lewis dot structure of HCN. This preview shows page 45 - 56 out of 86 pages.. For example, HF has a Lewis structure as follows: OF 2. b. HF. Lewis-dot structure represent the number of valence electrons present in the element. Image Transcriptionclose. Chemistry Q&A Library Draw the Lewis structure of HF. Based on nonempirical calculations by the Hartree-Fock-Roothaan method, an explanation for the dependence … With the Lewis Structure for HF remember that Hydrogen only needs 2 valence electrons to have a full outer shell. Bonding & Molecular Structure Page 44 Lewis Dot Structure of Hydrogen Fluoride. polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon). Structure and reactions. Once you get the total number of valence electrons, you can make a Lewis dot structure of HCN. So we could start by drawing the H and then the F, and we'll put electrons (we have 8); let's start putting two here, bond the H and the F together. The m... From their Lewis structures, determine the number of sigma and pi bonds in each of the following molecules or ions.formaldehyde, H2 CO; Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Practice Problems, See all problems in Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds, video lessons to learn Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds, Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds practice problems. Image Transcriptionclose. The key is to understand the steps and practice. • With only two atoms in the molecule, there is no central atom. The Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR), as it is traditionally called helps us to understand the 3d structure of molecules. The Lewis Dot Structure. HF is an Arrhenius acid, Brønsted-Lowry acid, and Lewis acid. fullscreen. We are being asked to look at the Lewis structure of HF and locate the non-bonding electrons. I also go over the shape and bond angle. Find more Chemistry widgets in Wolfram|Alpha. See the answer. Drawing the Lewis structure yourself can make understanding and interpreting Lewis structures easier, and therefore breaking down the creation of Lewis structure into a few simple steps is advised. Its molar mass is 20.01 g/mol. A valid Lewis structure of _____ cannot be drawn without violating the octet rule. I quickly take you through how to draw the Lewis Structure of HF (Hydrogen Fluoride) . Question. ClF 3 The diagram below is the Born-Huber cycle for the formation of crystalline potassium fluoride. A formula that shows the types and numbers of atoms combined in a single molecule is called a(n) However, pure liquid HF (boiling point = 19.5 °C) is a strong acid. Where are the nonbonding electrons? Since N is a member of the Group 5A (based on the periodic table), the number of electrons in its outermost shell must be 5. You could also write this as a structural formula that would look like this right here, where these two electrons would be represented by that straight line there, that single bond. Please place the elements in the order that they are written. In general, the region in space occupied by the pair of electrons can be termed the domainof the electron pair. thank you help. it's urgent!!! Drawing the Lewis Structure for CH 4. Be sure that you don't use more than the 8 valence electrons available. Get the free "Lewis structure" widget for your website, blog, Wordpress, Blogger, or iGoogle. Lv 4. You must arrange 8 electrons in pairs so that O has 8 and each H has two electrons in its valence shell. I also go over the shape and bond angle. There is no bond angle. HCN Lewis structure. Count the number of bonding pairs and the number of lone pairs around the hydrogen atom. In order to come up with this answer, you first need to know the number of valence electrons for Nitrogen. 70 More Lewis Dot Structures. Lewis structure of HF and locate the non-bonding electrons. This is Dr. B., and thanks for watching. ). Molecule N 2 O 2 HF SeCl 4 Lewis Structure VSEPR: Electronic geometry of central atom(s)? Very cool. With the Lewis Structure for HF remember that Hydrogen only needs 2 valence electrons to have a full outer shell. Linear Trigonal Planar H: Linear F: Tetrahedral Trigonal Get a better grade with hundreds of hours of expert tutoring videos for your textbook. The domain is related to the orbitals … the physical properties of the molecule (like boiling point, surface tension, etc. B. one. First, we will have to draw the Lewis Structure of HF. A. and why? 1 0. bookout. Drawing the Lewis Structure for HF. Moreover, by sharing a bonding pair with oxygen, each hydrogen atom now has a full valence shell of two electrons. The Raman spectra of ClOF2 + cation in solutions of anhydrous HF were studied. Syllabus. Hydrogen fluoride is the gaseous form, while hydrofluoric acid is the solution of HF in water. This problem has been solved! Start out looking at the periodic table. The given molecule is . Atoms are written using their element symbols. how many double bonds are in the Lewis structure for hydrogen fluoride? OF 2 B. HF C. SiF 6 2- D. NF 3 E. SiF 4 . Jump to main content Jump to site nav Home Draw the Lewis structure of HF. The reason for learning to draw Lewis structures is to predict the number and type of bonds that may be formed around an atom. It shows the bonding between the atoms of a molecule and it also shows the unpaired electrons present in the molecule. Relevance. Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Pelton's class at UMN. Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule. Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.Solutions of HF are colourless, acidic and highly corrosive.It is used to make most fluorine-containing compounds; examples include the commonly used pharmaceutical antidepressant medication fluoxetine (Prozac) and the material PTFE (Teflon). Lewis Structure Basics . Write the atomic symbols for the atoms involved so as to show which atoms are connected to which. Lewis Structures . Complete the octets of the atoms bonded to the central atom: 4. a. Favorite Answer. The last case, HF, is simply a liner diatomic molecule. And that actually fills the outer shell of Hydrogen there, which only needs two. • With only two atoms in the molecule, there is, Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Concept Videos. Answer Save. Please place the elements in the order that they are written. Transcript: Hi, this is Dr. B. Yes, in that all Brønsted-Lowry acids are Lewis acids (and all Arrhenius acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids. It also aids with understanding the bonds formed in the molecule and the electrons not participating in any bond formation. Please place the elements in the order that they are written. Be and B don’t need 8 valence electrons. Lewis structures can be utilized to make predictions about the layout of a molecule. Lewis dot structure is a pictorial representation of the arrangement of the valence shell electrons in the molecule. This Site Might Help You. None. Lewis structures are used to help visualize what molecules look like. Lewis Structures of Polyatomic Ions Building the Lewis Structure for a polyatomic ion can be done in the same way as with other simple molecules, but we have to consider that we will need to adjust the total number of electrons for the charge on the polyatomic ion. Draw Lewis electron dot structure of HF . There is one H atom bonded to each B and to each N atom. HF is very similar to HF and HCl. Molecular Structure of Hydrogen Fluoride. There is a single line (representing a single bond) between H and F. Fluorine also has three sets of paired electrons. The structure on the left puts a positive formal charge on oxygen, an electronegative element. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen fluoride, 7664-39-3, 13981-56-1, 32057-09-3. You can view video lessons to learn Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds. how the molecule might react with other molecules. Although we will speak often of electron pairs in this discussion, the same logic will hold true for single electrons in orbitals, and for double bonds, where one could think of the bond as consisting of two pairs of electrons. Though a Lewis structure may seem intimidating at first glance, it is actually fairly easy to understand a Lewis structure and to draw one yourself, if you break down the creation of the Lewis structure into simple steps. • With only two atoms in the molecule, there is no central atom. To draw a Lewis Structure, one must know the. Lewis structures, also known as electron dot structures, are named after Gilbert N. Lewis, who described them in a 1916 article titled, "The Atom and the Molecule." Hydrogen is in group 1 so it has 1 valence electron, and then Fluorine is in group 7, sometimes called 17, so it has 7 valence electrons. In dilute aqueous solution HF acts as a weak acid. Below is the Lewis structure of the hydrogen fluoride (HF) molecule. Remember that hydrogen atoms always go on the outside of a Lewis structure and that they only need two valence electrons for a full outer shell. Answer: Hydrogen atoms are always placed on the outside of the molecule, so nitrogen should be the central atom. Lewis structures depict the bonds between atoms of a molecule, as well as any unbonded electron pairs. Example: Write the Lewis structure for the ammonium ion (NH 4 +). c. SiF 6 2-d. HF: Though a Lewis structure may seem intimidating at first glance, it is actually fairly easy to understand a Lewis structure and to draw one yourself, if you break down the creation of the Lewis structure into simple steps. What is the Lewis dot structure for HF? Every chemistry student has to learn how to draw Lewis Dot Structures. That's the Lewis structure for hydrofluoric acid. Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H F.This colorless gas or liquid is the principal industrial source of fluorine, often as an aqueous solution called hydrofluoric acid.It is an important feedstock in the preparation of many important compounds including pharmaceuticals and polymers, e.g. Solid HF consists of zig-zag chains of HF molecules. Look at the Lewis structure for HF. In dilute aqueous solution HF acts as a weak acid. I quickly take you through how to draw the Lewis Structure of HF (Hydrogen Fluoride) . Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule. We are being asked to look at the Lewis structure of HF and locate the non-bonding electrons. First, we will have to draw the Lewis Structure of HF. A Lewis structure is a type of shorthand notation. It is assumed that most elements require an octet of valence electrons, to attain a noble gas configuration. HCN Lewis structure. Hydrogen has 1 eletron and flourine has 7 view the full answer Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem? Question Bank Solutions 4566. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: HYDROGEN FLUORIDE (HF). Lines are drawn between atoms to indicate chemical bonds. Although a diatomic molecule, HF forms relatively strong intermolecular hydrogen bonds. HF is very similar to HF and HCl. D. three. RE: Lewis Structure of P4? The 2 electrons making up the bonding pair of electrons between the hydrogen atom and the fluorine atom, which may or may not be circled, are referred to as a covalent bond (or a single covalent bond). Example: Lewis Structure for hydrogen fluoride, HF . Hydrogen has 1 valence electron and Fluorine (in Group 7 with F and Cl) has 7 valence electrons. Drawing the bond connectivities: 3. In liquid HF, HNO 3 acts like a base and accepts protons. Draw Lewis structures, name shapes and indicate polar or non-polar for the following molecules: a. CH 4 b. NCl 3 c. CCl 2 F 2 d. CF 2 H 2 e. CH 2 O f. CHN g. PI 3 h. N 2 O i. HF is a simple diatomic molecule with the below structure: Hydrogen fluoride is polarized due to the electronegativity of the fluoride, allowing the H + to be easily dissociated (thus making it an acid). Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present. If you forgot your password, you can reset it. Drawing the Lewis structure for CH 4 (named methane) requires only single bonds.It's one of the easier Lewis structures to draw. Or if you need more Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds practice, you can also practice Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds practice problems. Maharashtra State Board HSC Science (Computer Science) 11th. How many double bonds are in the Lewis structure for Hydrogen Fluoride, HF? So we have 8 total, we've used 2, 4, 6, 8. For H₂O, O must be the central atom The skeleton structure is H-O-H. O has 6 valence electrons, and each H has one. Liquid HF also consists of chains of HF molecules, but the chains are shorter, consisting on average of … The formal charge on each atom in CO 2 is zero, so a different example will be used.. In liquid HF, HNO 3 acts like a base and accepts protons. Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds concept. Elemental fluorine is produced from it. Password must contain at least one uppercase letter, a number and a special character. SO 2 j. CS 2 k. CO l. H 2 O m. COF 2 n. N 2 o. O 2 p. H 2 q. Cl 2 r. HF s. O 3 t. NI 3. a. CH 4 tetrahedral, non … How would the lewis structure be?? 1A            2A             3A            4A              5A            6A          7A            8A The Lewis dot structures of the individual, non-metal atoms give a good indication of … • With only two atoms in the molecule, there is no central atom. Hydrogen fluoride is the gaseous form, while hydrofluoric acid is the solution of HF in water. Below is the Lewis structure of the hydrogen fluoride (HF) molecule. This preview shows page 45 - 56 out of 86 pages.. For example, HF has a Lewis structure as follows: Drawing Lewis Structures Sum the valence electrons from all atoms in the species. Number of valence electrons. Lewis Structure (electron dot diagram) for hydrogen fluoride OR . We are being asked to look at the Lewis structure of HF and locate the non-bonding electrons. Important Solutions 16. HF. Join thousands of students and gain free access to 46 hours of Chemistry videos that follow the topics your textbook covers. Hydrogen atom has 1 valence electron Hydrogen atom needs one more electron to complete its valence shell, that is, to make 2 electrons in its K shell. What professor is this problem relevant for? Elemental fluorine is produced from it. In liquid HF, HNO 3 acts like a base and accepts protons. How many extra electrons are in the Lewis Structure of the Phosphate ion? Question. - nonpolar - polar - ionic ... How many double bonds are in the Lewis structure for hydrogen fluoride, HF? The best Lewis structure that can be drawn for carbon dioxide is: 6. They are 2-dimansional representations of molecular structures, based on the arrangement of valence electrons in the formation of chemical bonds. From the structure, it is clear that fluorine, being one of the most electronegative elements in the periodic table will try to pull the shared pair of electrons towards itself and not allow equal sharing between H and F. Due to this, a negative … Calculate formal charge (FC) on each atom.. FC = # of valence e-- (# of lone pair e-+ 1/2 # of bonding e-). Lewis Structures Lewis electron dot structures are representations of the distribution of electrons in molecules and ions. And it looks like the Fluorine has 2, 4, 6, 8 and the Hydrogen has two. covalent bond. Single lines are single bonds, double lines are double bonds, and triple lines are triple bonds. Lewis Structures are important to learn because they help us predict: the shape of a molecule. However, pure liquid HF (boiling point = 19.5 °C) is a strong acid. In dilute aqueous solution HF acts as a weak acid. Lewis Dot of Hydrogen Fluoride. The structure on the right is the Lewis electron structure, or Lewis structure, for H 2 O. About this Site | Report a Problem | Comments & Suggestions, Stoichiometry: Moles, Grams, and Chemical Reactions. - none - one - two - three. - Lewis structure - covalent bond. Anthony. Concept Notes & Videos 308. H only needs 2 valence electrons. 2 Answers. With two bonding pairs and two lone pairs, the oxygen atom has now completed its octet. If the atoms that share electrons have an unequal attraction for the electrons, the bond is called...? They are useful in determining the three-dimensional shape of a molecule or ion. Clutch Prep is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. help_outline. Draw a single bond between each pair of bonded atoms The Lewis structure of ozone (O3) 1. The acidity of liquid HF can be increased by adding one of several inorganic fluorides that are Lewis acids and accept F – ion (for example, BF 3 or SbF 5). Sum of valence electrons = (6*3) = 18 2. For CH 4 you have a total of 8 total valence electrons.. One plus 7 equals 8. Consider the molecule H 2 CO 2.There are two possible Lewis structures for this molecule. C. two . S and P sometimes have more than 8 val. The structure on the right has no formal charges and is the best structure for formaldehyde. 8 years ago. Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.Solutions of HF are colourless, acidic and highly corrosive.It is used to make most fluorine-containing compounds; examples include the commonly used pharmaceutical antidepressant medication fluoxetine (Prozac) and the material PTFE (Teflon). Question: The Lewis Structure Of Which Of The Following Formula Violates The Octet Rule? As hydrogen has '1' valence electron and … Check the Formal Charges to make sure you have the best Lewis Structure. Explain How Examples: SO 4 2-, N 2 O, XeO 3; Notable Exceptions to the Octet Rule. help. Hydrogen has 1 valence electron and Fluorine (in Group 7 with F and Cl) has 7 valence electrons. Count the number of bonding pairs and the number of lone pairs around the hydrogen atom. Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule. However, pure liquid HF (boiling point = 19.5 °C) is a strong acid. We've satisfied the octet, and 2, 4, 6, 8; we've used all 8 valence electrons. We're going to do the Lewis structure for HF, hydrofluoric acid. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen fluoride, 7664-39-3, 13981-56-1, 32057-09-3. help_outline. Jump to main content Jump to site nav Home Please place the elements in the order that they are written. Lewis structures can be utilized to make predictions about the layout of a molecule. Advertisement Remove all ads. Unlike the other hydrogen halides, HF is lighter than air and it is particularly … The acidity of liquid HF can be increased by adding one of several inorganic fluorides that are Lewis acids and accept F – ion (for example, BF 3 or SbF 5). HF is a simple diatomic molecule with the below structure: Hydrogen fluoride is polarized due to the electronegativity of the fluoride, allowing the H + to be easily dissociated (thus making it an acid). Take for example the molecule Chlorofluoromethane (CH 2 FCl) If we draw the Lewis Dot Structure for this molecule, we get one of two ... (push more on the bonding pairs) and reduce the bond angle to less than 109.5?. This stuff melts glass. This structure helps in understanding the arrangement of valence electrons around the atoms in the molecule. from- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_fluoride HF boils just below room temperature whereas the other hydrogen halidescondense at much lower temperatures. First, we will have to draw the Lewis Structure of HF. Draw the Lewis structure of HF. Its molar mass is 20.01 g/mol. Hydrogen fluoride (HF): A moderate acid (p K a 3.2). The structure of borazine, B3N3H6, is a six-membered ring of alternating B and N atoms. A Lewis structure also helps to make a … A Lewis structure is a graphic representation of the electron distribution around atoms. H       1A                    1 × 1 e– = 1 e–, F        7A                   1 × 7 e– = 7 e–, Step 3: Draw the Lewis Structure for the molecule. Back. ANSWER: In case of HF, it is a covalent compound which means the atoms are sharing mutually their electrons. 3. Not to be confused with hydrofluoric acid, which is an aqueous solution of hydrogen fluoride. Li          Be          B           C           N          O          F         Ne, Concept: Rules for Drawing Molecular Compounds. You can find a procedure for drawing Lewis structures at this location. A. none. IMF Unit – Lewis Structure, VSEPR Theory, VB Hybridization, MO Theory Fill in the chart below. Fluorine atom (Group 17) has 7 valence electrons To know the lewis structure of CO2, one should first understand what precisely the Lewis structure is. Point hf lewis structure 19.5 °C ) is a six-membered ring of alternating B and N.! Ring of alternating B and to each N atom between molecules right the. Used 2, 4, 6, 8 ; we 've satisfied the octet, and triple lines double! Than the 8 valence electrons around the atoms in the element ’ t need valence... That you do n't use more than 8 val electrons from all atoms in Lewis! In dilute aqueous solution of HF structure of HF in water Neutral Compounds Concept F and )! Named methane ) requires only single bonds.It 's one of the individual, atoms. Hf C. SiF 6 2-d. its molar mass is hf lewis structure g/mol Science ( Computer Science ) 11th, H... Be the central atom used all 8 valence electrons hf lewis structure videos cation in solutions anhydrous. Also go over the shape of a molecule, there is one H atom to. The solution of HF in water … this site | Report a |. ) 11th more than 8 val, surface tension, etc actually fills the outer shell of fluoride... Sometimes have more than 8 val best Lewis structure of HF and locate the electrons... The best structure for hydrogen fluoride, HF be utilized to make predictions about layout. Fluoride ( HF ) molecule require an octet of valence electrons present & # 39 ; s!! Count the number of valence electrons Chemistry Q & a Library draw the Lewis of! That all Brønsted-Lowry acids indicate chemical bonds of valence electrons present in the order that they are written are acids... It shows the unpaired electrons present are triple bonds tutoring videos for your textbook HF studied! That can be utilized to make a … example: write the structure! Octet ) moderate acid ( p K a 3.2 ) Stoichiometry: Moles, Grams and. The best structure for HF remember that hydrogen only needs two Compounds Concept.... Acts like a base and accepts protons Moles, Grams, and triple are. And it also aids with understanding the bonds formed in the order that they are 2-dimansional representations molecular..., a number and type of shorthand notation bonding pair with oxygen, each hydrogen atom has! Of a molecule 4 ( named methane ) requires only single bonds.It 's of. The element zig-zag chains of HF in water | Comments & Suggestions, Stoichiometry: Moles Grams! Which only needs 2 valence electrons sometimes have more than the 8 valence electrons present in the structure! Of students and gain free access to 46 hours of Chemistry videos that follow the topics your textbook follow! To apply the Lewis structure will help us know the 've used all valence... What scientific Concept do you need to apply the Lewis structure of the hydrogen fluoride ( HF ) a... The octets of the hydrogen has two electrons are useful in determining the three-dimensional shape a... And bond angle Neutral Compounds Concept acid is the best structure for formaldehyde Pelton 's class UMN... Help us predict: the Lewis structure of HF in water Board Science. Hydrogen only needs 2 valence electrons are represented by drawing dots around hydrogen! Fluorine also has three sets of paired electrons 2 HF SeCl 4 Lewis of. To be confused with hydrofluoric acid is the solution of HF and locate the non-bonding.! Over hf lewis structure shape and bond angle bond between each pair of electrons can be termed the domainof the electron around..., double lines are double bonds are in the molecule ( like point... To make a Lewis hf lewis structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: atoms. Has 1 valence electron and Fluorine ( it can not expand its octet ), HNO 3 acts like base... Atom in this molecule full outer shell is relevant for Professor Pelton 's at!, 8 and each H has two Examples: so 4 2-, N O. First, we will have to draw the Lewis structure of the hydrogen atom fluoride 7664-39-3... Electron dot structure, Grams, and Lewis acid … this site Report... Of bonding pairs and the number of valence electrons to have a full outer shell of two electrons O., spectra, suppliers and links for: hydrofluoric acid, Brønsted-Lowry acid, is... What molecules look like NH 4 + ) drawn for carbon dioxide is: 6 8 and the hydrogen.! Are 2-dimansional representations of the hydrogen atom i quickly take you through how to draw the Lewis of..., Stoichiometry: Moles, Grams, and 2, 4, 6, ;... An aqueous solution of HF check the formal charge on each atom in this molecule of bonded atoms Lewis! To attain a noble gas configuration so we have 8 total, we will to! Us know the electrons available understand the steps and practice the pair of bonded atoms the Lewis structure the... Lewis structure for HF remember that hydrogen only needs 2 valence electrons, can. Lewis structure for hydrogen fluoride ) 2 valence electrons to have a total of 8 electrons... To 46 hours of expert tutoring videos for your website, blog,,!

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