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Osprey, 1987.Brzezinski, Richard. John I Sobieski dispatched the famous Winged Hussars as a result, and with the Winged Hussars leading the battle, the Ottoman Army was routed. John Sobieski's cavalry was among the finest in Europe. The Ottomans cut off the city from the rest of the Hapsburg lands. On September 11. was the main battle between the Polish cavalry and the Turks. Source: https: ... :661 at the head of 3,000 Polish heavy lancers, the famed "Winged Hussars". While they have a long and illustrious string of asskickings under their heavyweight championship belts, the Winged Hussars' finest hour came during the epic Battle of Vienna in 1683, when the Ottoman Turkish armies were busting nuts across Eastern Europe looking to conquer all of Christendom. I am very interested in Jan Sobieski's Winged Hussars as they were used during the battle. The Winged Hussars (known also as the Polish Hussars) were a type of shock cavalry used by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth . The Winged Hussars were formed during the 16 th century and were used until the 18 th century when they became obsolete as a result of the advances in military technology . Dedication Dedication They’re outnumbered 15 to one And the battle´s begun. It would be the furthest West the Ottoman Empire would ever advance, and it was the Poles who had finally stuffed them like Shaq blocking a layup attempt by Verne Troyer. The arrival of the Imperial Army under the Duke of Lorraine was timely. However, the Catholic Hapsburgs distrusted and occasionally persecuted many of their Hungarian subjects who were Protestants. At the Battle of Klushino in 1610, the Hussars were outnumbered ten to one, and still somehow came out on top, utterly annihilating an army of 40,000 Swedes and Russians with just 4,000 lancers. At the Battle of Kircholm four years later, the Hussars (whose commanders' completely badass motto was "Kill First, Calculate Later"), sent 1,000 lancers in a charge against 11,000 Swedish infantrymen and cannons for some reason, and incredibly, despite the ridiculous idiocy of sending your elite troops on such an impossible mission, the friggin' Hussars jammed their poles (OMG AWESOME PUN FTW) into anything they could find and not only emerged victorious, but utterly slaughtered their opponents army, hacking the broken infantry units into giblets as they fled the field. Polish Winged Hussar. One of the main reasons why the Ottomans failed to seize Vienna was poor leadership. The Winged Hussars participated in many battles and their prowess on the … An enormous Turkish army attempts to batter its way into Vienna, whose inhabitants and small garrison have been starving for the best part of a month. The Lipka Tatars who fought on the Polish side wore a sprig of straw in their helmets to distinguish themselves from the Tatars fighting on the Ottoman side. Battle of Vienna, Sep 12, 1683. The Turkish Empire was then at the peak of its power and occupied most of southeastern Europe. The hussars were also super-well-trained, capable of changing directions and altering their formations in mid-charge, and then plowing through their enemy, circling around, and hitting them again from the rear. The Turkish advance's glacial pace allowed the Viennese to bolster their defense and allowed the commander to build up the city’s garrison. There are few soldiers in military history more instantly recognizable than the Winged Hussars. Links:Polish Renaissance MilitarySiege of Vienna 1683Wikipedia. However, the winter meant that the actual invasion was delayed, giving the Austrians some time to prepare. This poster depicts their iconic actions during the Siege of Vienna in 1683, when 3,000 of their number lead the world's largest cavalry charge against a huge Ottoman army intent on battering down the gates of Christian Europe. Post Apr 21, 2019 #1 2019-04-21T09:11. Battle of Vienna, 1683. Their victory on that day marked the end of Ottoman expansion in the west and … The Turkish Empire was then at the peak of its power and occupied most of southeastern Europe. In the summer of 1683, 300,000 warriors of the Ottoman Empire began the siege of Vienna. Their armor was burnished and well-polished so that it gleamed in the sunlight (most Renaissance-era knights preferred black armor because it was more resistant to rust), they wore brightly-colored heraldry, and OH YEAH they also had giant-ass fucking wings strapped onto their backs. But their seeming invincibility couldn’t last forever. "It is chivalry that has no equal in the world; without seeing it with your own eyes, its vigor and splendor is impossible to imagine.". Many of the cavalrymen, known as gusars in Serbian… Siege of Vienna: charge of Winged Hussars Siege of Vienna: charge of Winged Hussars. The city's defenders had cleared the area around the surrounding city walls. On several occasions’, he was able to rally them when they seemed about to retreat before a Turkish attack. Successive Sultans had launched repeated attacks or jihads on the Christian kingdoms of Europe for many centuries. Jagare. This and the Viennese defenders and garrison's determination all ensured that the Ottomans suffered their greatest defeat and saved Europe. A powerful Turkish army of 110,000 led by Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa laid siege to Vienna in August 1683. This was mainly due to the development of military technology that was able to counter their deadly charges more effectively. This battle is classified by historians as one of the most decisive battles of the world. Answer 1 of 6: Are there any other sites I should consider besides Kahlenberg regarding the siege of Vienna in 1683? This poster depicts their iconic actions during the Siege of Vienna in 1683, when 3,000 of their number lead the world's largest cavalry charge against a huge Ottoman army intent on battering down the gates of Christian Europe. 138 76. However, the Austrians had been very active on the diplomatic front, and they had received the backing of the Pope, who also supplied much-needed funds. By September 1683, the Ottoman forces had seized a portion of the city walls, and it seemed that Vienna was about to fall. By riding into battle wearing not only armor but also huge feathered wings, the hussars managed to become known as one of the most spectacular (not to mention deadly) shock cavalries in history. The winged horsemen or the hussars were a uniquely Polish kind of cavalry sometimes called ‘one of the world’s most efficient units’ due to their spectacular victories. Also, the wings protected riders’ backs during the battle from sabers and lassos. May 2020. Since209bc. The Turks had excellent artillery, and they employed almost 150 pieces of cannon, and they also dug tunnels under the Hapsburg walls to place mines under the fortifications. What might be even more awesome then the Winged Hussars' much-deserved reputation as seemingly-invincible shit-wreckers is their completely over-the-top awesome battle gear. Ágoston, Gábor (2014). Without the intervention of the Papacy, these princes would not have helped the Austrians whom they distrusted. One of these was the cheval de fries (Frisian horse) which was a portable, spiked anti-cavalry obstacle that could stop the charges of the Winged Hussar. These daring, brave, unabashedly-feathered badasses crushed throats up and down Europe for two centuries, annihilating battle-tested … The Papacy could use its extensive funds to pay the Polish army. 23K 2,112. The word hussar derives from the Serbian Gusar and later Hungarian Huszár. The hussars as we know them first show up on the scene in the early 16th century as part of a hammer-smashing army of stone-cold motherfuckers under the Hungarian King Stefan Bathory. The Pope used his status as a spiritual leader to persuade Catholic German princes to join what he called the Holy League. Divisions soon emerged among the allies, and this prevents the Christian armies from invading Ottoman Territory. $34 for 24 months with PayPal Creditopens a installment calculator layer* $34 for 24 months. He used his extensive resources to help the Hapsburg’s to find allies. Over the next two hundred years, these ordinary dudes morphed into a ten-ton anvil of pointy justice that would go up against some of the toughest armies the world had to offer and completely fuck them inside out. This battle is classified by historians as one of the most decisive battles of the world. They just didn't realize that this is how the Winged Hussars rolled. Polish Winged Hussar. These guys were nuts – they never backed down from a fight, always went completely balls-out all of the time, and looked at ten-to-one as an exciting challenge rather than a suicide charge. With the main body of the Holy Roman Imperial army completely surrounded and besieged by over 200,000 Turkish warriors, the badass Polish King Jan Sobieski led the single hugest and most balls-out cavalry charge in history. [3], In response, the Ottomans established a network of trenches. The Polish king was an able leader, renowned for his bravery, and he did much to inspire his hussars during the crucial cavalry charges that broke the Ottoman army before the gates of Vienna. A cry for help in time of need, await relief from holy league 60 days of siege, outnumbered and weak Sent a message to the sky, wounded soldiers left to die Will they hold the wall or will the city fall. When the winged hussars arrived. On the other hand Charles V, the Duke of Lorraine developed a strategy that sought to squeeze the Ottomans between Vienna, the Imperial army, and the Poles, which proved to be very effective. 138 76. Since209bc. 1.A solid faith in Christ made it possible for the people of Vienna and Poland as well as Europe made it possible to combat Islam-Not only was the Catholic Church strong in morality and influence in Europe, but also the Winged Hussars were known men of faith too. [2] Vienna 1683. It is also highly likely that the Pope's backing prevented Louis XIV and France from taking advantage of the Turkish onslaught and invading Germany, which would have benefitted only the Ottomans. Mustafa was rewarded for his heroism by having his head chopped off and delivered to the Sultan in a velvet bag, but what can you do - there's just no pleasing Sultans sometimes, especially when you've just let three thousand Polish Hussars completely rout a force roughly a hundred times larger than them. Some 40,000 Crimean Tartars also joined the army of the Ottoman Empire. Thanks to their unparalleled skills, carefully-designed lances and unique tactics they won against most opponents, even when heavily outnumbered. In 1683 the Ottoman Caliphate was in decline, with the Russian Tsardom retaking land in the East and the halted expansion in the west. Polish Armies 1569-1696. King John I Sobieski sent the Grand Vizier’s tent back to his wife to signify a victory, and the Polish led the European Army would hunt down the now fleeing Ottoman Army and remove them from Europe. They had captured Byzantium in 1453 and ended the Byzantine Empire. Kara Mustafa was hated by many and was hated by nearly everyone. The fortunes of the Winged Hussars did not last forever and quickly went into decline following the Siege of Vienna. Despite this, the Viennese garrison was under great stress, and the commander became so concerned that Graf Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg ordered any soldier malingering or asleep on duty to be ‘summarily shot.’[4], It seemed that the Austrian garrison was on the verge of defeat and the Ottomans on the threshold of a great victory. It's the Battle of Vienna. Furthermore, he hated Christians, which was even though many of his allies and some of his army were members of that faith. There are few soldiers in military history more instantly recognizable than the Winged Hussars. Since Suleiman's death, the Magnificent the Ottomans had been in decline, but a series of energetic Viziers had reversed this. Mustafa ordered the Ottomans to attack the Duke of Lorraine’s army, but they were beaten back, and the Imperial army launched a counterattack. In contrast, Charles V of Lorraine was an able leader and could lead a disparate group of German troops in battle. The battle was won by the combined forces of the Holy Roman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the latter represented only by the forces of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (the march of the Lithuanian army was delayed, and they reached Vienna after it had been relieved). The Ottoman Viziers had long planned for this invasion, and they had laid meticulous plans. At about 4 p.m., the various Christian forces advanced on all sides, Sobieski leading his “winged hussars” in what was a decisive charge against the Ottoman cavalry. This army was mainly composed of German troops. The Historian Lord Kinross would describe him as “A man inflated by pride and presumptuous ambition. From July, the forces of the Ottoman Empire, led by Kara Mustafa, had besieged the city of Vienna. They had a large army, and their cavalry was superb. The defeat of the Ottoman Army outside the gates of Vienna is usually regarded as the beginning of the decline of the Ottoman Empire. With F. Murray Abraham, Enrico Lo Verso, Jerzy Skolimowski, Alicja Bachleda. Amazingly, that wasn't even the most impressive shit this mobile last stand accomplished in its proud heritage as the Commonwealth's premier exporter of busted-up faces. The Vizier was an arrogant man and known for his cruelty. Painted Tin toy soldier 54mm. A short description of the famous battle of Vienna follows. These guys went with the heaviest armor they could find, decking themselves out in fully-articulated plate mail at a time when most European armies were switching away from breastplates and over to firearms, but these ferocious warriors didn't even give a crap about rushing at state-of-the-art muskets with hand-to-hand combat weapons. The Ottomans' defeat was that the army was poorly led, and its strategies and tactics were poor and ill-conceived. 12, 1683), expedition by the Turks against the Habsburg Holy Roman emperor Leopold I that resulted in their defeat by a combined force led by John III Sobieski of Poland. Battle of Vienna, Sep 12, 1683. The fall of the city would have opened the way to conquer Europe. Dedication Dedication They’re outnumbered 15 to one And the battle´s begun. The combat record of the Winged Hussars stands for itself. Minimum purchase required. Condition: New. The Polish monarchy had a powerful army, and Poland's Hussars, or cavalry, was famed throughout Europe. Suddenly the Turks found themselves outflanked and bogged down in fighting in Vienna. This was of crucial importance as this victory was of great strategic importance, and it also persuades the Poles to commit to the war against the Turks fully. Polish Winged Hussar. By the 1680s, the main defense against the Ottomans was the Hapsburg Empire. Sources:Brzezinski, Richard. The defeat of the Turkish army outside the gates of Vienna is widely seen as the beginning of the Ottoman Empire's long decline and played a significant part in the rise of Europe. They approached the city by the 11th of September 1683 and sought to link up with the Imperial army. The Poles were critical to the victory of the Christian forces outside Vienna. The Ottoman Sultan ruled an Empire from Persia to Central Europe. Mustafa Fled the battle. In the early modern period in Europe, Ottoman Turkey was arguably the greatest military and political power. The heavy cavalry with wings, charging at full speed, was a shocking sight for the enemy. Battle of Vienna 1683 – 20,000 Winged Hussars defeated 200,000 Islamic invaders Who won? This encouraged the Poles to enter a formal alliance with Leopold I. In 1529 the Ottomans had laid siege to Vienna but had been beaten back. God's Playground. Price: US $750.00. Then the winged hussars arrived Painted Tin toy soldier 54mm. The Austrians were fortunate in that they could secure allies. It was a turning point in the fortunes of the Ottoman Empire, and after 1683 it was no longer a threat to Christian Europe and went into a steep decline in the eighteenth century. He had been racking up victories across the continent, and decided that the first great conquest that would lead to his domination of Europe would be the magnificent city of Vienna. Before commencing battle, they sung a hymn to Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary. Honorable mention during the Battle of Vienna has to go to the Ottoman Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa, who personally charged out to try and help his men, fought in hand-to-hand combat even after his entire bodyguard was annihilated, and only escaped after saving the Holy Banner that once belonged to the Prophet Muhammad from falling into Christian hands. Because of deep ravines and other terrain problems, the Poles had been slow to engage, but when they came in on the Christian right, the battle was decided. Despite its size, the Turkish army was demoralized, and this partly explains why they fled before the Polish and Imperial cavalry. The Towarzysz husarski (Companion) commanded his own poczet ( kopia) consisting of two to five similarly armed retainers and other servants ( czeladnicy) who tended to his horses, food, supplies, repairs … Well not only are the wild claims of that infamous engagement dubious at best, but it's time that the Polish cavalry – and particularly the Winged Hussars – get appropriately recognized as one of the most eye-skeweringly hardcore associations of asskickers ever assembled. The Sultan’s army was huge and well-armed and had learned much from the European armies during the ‘military revolution.’ [12] However, the Ottoman's strategy was poor. The Ottoman Vizier ordered a direct attack on the city by his elite troops, the Saphis and the Janissaries, but the stubborn defenders stalled their attack. (Note the 9-11 date.) It is widely accepted that if the Muslim Empire had been successful at the Battle or Siege of Vienna in 1683, it could have dominated Europe and changed not only European history but also world history. At one time, the Pope's money helped to persuade many Imperial soldiers to remain and fight. The Ottoman attack's slow pace allowed the Viennese crucial time to prepare and to withstand the initial assault.[13]. This was not typical of the Ottoman army who was renowned for their fanatical bravery. It was too slow, they did not mobilize quickly enough, and they waited until they had assembled a huge force. The Ottomans thought St. Stephen’s was a prize, too, and when they laid siege to Vienna in 1529, Sultan Suleiman I (the Magnificent), was riding high. By the 1680s the main defense against the Ottomans was the Hapsburg Empire.This was a large empire that was centered on the German-speaking lands of modern Austria and its capital … They defeated the Crimean Tartars, who were feared fighters, which meant that the Turks were outflanked. A cry for help in time of need, await relief from holy league 60 days of siege, outnumbered and weak Sent a message to the sky, wounded soldiers left to die Will they hold the wall or will the city fall. To make this a reality they amassed a 300,000 man army against a divided Christendom. Battle of Vienna, 1683. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth losses in the battle totaled about 88 men, and most of those clowns weren't even Hussars. The salvation of the Christians in the fortified and besieged city of Vienna, “the golden Apple,” is the mounted Polish cavalry, the winged hussars, led by their king, Jan Sobieski — 40,000 men who turned out to be only 20,000 in number! While the badass weaponry and armor was unquestionably utilitarian, the Winged Hussars also went that extra mile to ensure that they were armor-crappingly terrifying while charging ahead in perfect formation. On the right flank, the Polish hussars advanced rapidly, and they easily swept the Crimean Tartars from the field. This poster depicts their iconic actions during the Siege of Vienna in 1683, when 3,000 of their number lead the world's largest cavalry charge against a huge Ottoman army intent on battering down the gates of Christian Europe. Battle of Vienna, 1683. By September 1683, a small relief force of the Imperial army had arrived. The Ottomans in the seventeenth century ruled a vast empire that encompassed the Balkans, modern-day Turkey and much of the Middle East. The massacre of civilians by the Ottomans only made the Viennese more determined to fight to the death, as they knew that they would not be shown any mercy. The Pope provided generous subsidies to the Poles, and the Polish king advanced with a great army leaving his realm virtually defenseless.[6]. Price: US $750.00. This band of elite mounted warriors fought on behalf of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 16th to the 18th centuries. 23K 2,112. The support of the Papacy for the Holy Alliance was significant. The Battle of Vienna at the Wilanów Museum Palace (in German) German TV: Türken vor Wien (in German) Arte TV: Türken vor Wien; Winged Hussars, Radoslaw Sikora, Bartosz Musialowicz, BUM Magazine, 2016. Minimum purchase required. They had captured Byzantium in 1453 and ended the Byzantine Empire. Louis XIV of France refused to help the Austrians, who he viewed as his arch-enemy. Some 150,000 Turkish troops entered Austrian territory, and they were allied with the Hungarians. However, the Catholic Hapsburgs distrusted and occasionally persecuted many of their Hungarian subjects who were Protestants. The siege marked the beginning of the end of Turkish domination in eastern Europe. The Hapsburg Empire and the Ottomans had long contested central Europe's control and for the control of Hungary. The commander of the Muslim army, Vizier Kara Mustafa, made several tactical errors. [2] The Catholic forces moved into an area of Hungary that had been a de facto buffer zone between the Hapsburgs and the Ottomans. Osprey, 2006.Davies, Norman. The battle took place on September 11-12, 1683. Exiled Serbian warriors introduced hussar horsemen – light cavalry armed with hollowed lance, Balkan-type shield, and sabre – in Hungary following the Ottoman conquest of Serbiain the late 15th century. While popular notions tend to pinpoint the origins of hussars in Hungary, according to historian Richard Brzezinski, the history of hussars possibly harks back to the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) times, circa 10th century, when the Empire recruited light cavalry from the Balkans (especially the Serbs), known as the chonsarioi (possibly derived from cursores, the Roman light cavalry). This created a free-fire zone for the Imperial troops. Some of the Hussars also used to up the "wow factor" by stuffing severed heads down the tips of their weapons and charging into battle with a lance-full of heads, which sounds pretty gnarly. Then the winged hussars arrived Perhaps the greatest mistake he made was to take Vienna while fighting the Imperial Army and the Poles. In the seventeenth century, the Ottomans ruled a vast empire that encompassed the Balkans, modern-day Turkey, and much of the Middle East. Jagare. Directed by Renzo Martinelli. The Battle of Vienna was one of the most important battles in Early Modern European history. Polish Winged Hussar 1576-1775. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 03:13. [5], That August in 1683, a small Hapsburg army, with their allies the Bavarians and Saxons under the Duke of Lorraine, defeated the Hungarian allies of the Ottoman's northwest of Vienna. One Turkish tactic that failed was the use of terror to intimidate the defenders. This move into Hungary gave the Ottomans the excuse that they had long wanted to drive their armies into the heart of Europe. In case you've never seen footage of a well-executed cavalry charge before, this is kind of like the equine equivalent of the Blue Angels doing all of their trademark death-defying stunts while in the middle of a dogfight. In 1529 the Ottomans had laid siege to Vienna but had been beaten back. The defeat of the Sultan’s army caused a political crisis and severely weakened the Ottoman Empire, so much so that it was no longer a threat to Europe.[9]. When the winged hussars arrived. He did not inspire any loyalty in his army. Item Information. 73. This has also led to the partition of Hungary between the Turks and the Hapsburgs. This article discusses the prelude to the siege and describes the actual events of 1683. They had reformed the army and had built up the infrastructure of the Empire. Journal of World History. Winged Hussars Lyrics: When the winged hussars arrived / A cry for help in time of need, await relief from holy league / 60 days of siege, outnumbered and weak / … The Polish king in the aftermath said, ‘I came, and God conquered.’[8] The Turks lost some 30,000 men, and the Hapsburgs and their allies lost only several thousand. But Walter Leitsch asks: was it was such a turning point in the history of Europe? Why i cant ignore this guy? Would you say the same about the Göktürk empire? The Hussars of Poland origin… The hussars represented the heavy cavalry of the Commonwealth. It focuses on the main reasons why the great Ottoman Empire failed to seize Vienna. Siege of Vienna, (July 17–Sept. The siege marked the beginning of the end of Turkish domination in eastern Europe. The Ottomans had hoped to take the city before John Sobieski arrived, but the Poles had arrived quicker than expected. He failed to provide a sufficient force to guard his flanks, and he relied too much on the Crimean Tartars who were ill-disciplined and wild. For those who are unaware, the Battle of Vienna is on par with the Battle of Lepanto in Christian Europe’s centuries-long struggle to stem the advance of militant Islam. Invariably, whenever most people talk about the military prowess of the Polish cavalry, some joker busts out with some intelligent, well-constructed argument that vaguely resembles something along the order of "YA RITE HOW BOUT CHARGIN NAZI TANKS W HORSIES FTW LOLOLOL OMG I”M HILARIOUS SOMEBODY LOVE ME PLS". During the early modern period, unpaid soldiers often mutinied. "Firearms and Military Adaptation: The Ottomans and the European Military Revolution, 1450–1800". 1683: The Siege of Vienna. Osprey, 2008. Bathory (who fought the Turks alongside Vlad the Impaler and was an ancestor of the infamous virgin-cidal blood countess and psychopath Elizabeth Bathory), basically levied the cavalry force by conscripting one out of every twenty Polish and Lithuanian peasants to strap on a pair of wings and a suit of heavy armor and start piercing the faces of anyone stupid enough to step to Eastern Europe. Kara Mustafa Pasha (aka Black Mustafa) came to power as the Grand Vizier (Basically the Ottoman Prime Minister) in 1676. Apparently, the decisive blow at the 1683 Battle of Vienna was struck by Jan Sobieski, with only 3,000 "hussars" (cavalry). Who was involved in countless extortions and acts of corruption selling office… In 1601, a thousand Hussars defeated a Swedish cavalry force four times that size. Total insantiy. Siege of Vienna, (July 17–Sept. Perhaps the greatest weakness of the Vizier was that he was too confident and that he expected the city to fall and had not prepared for the possibility of a Christian alliance. Their wings fluttering and zipping like creepy, spear-flinging birds of prey, three thousand Winged Hussars plowed into the Turkish force, driving them back, plundering their supply train, and driving the Turks from the field. Their primary implement of facial demolition was a lightweight (yet still completely insane) 19-foot lance capable of outreaching even the most well-endowed infantry spear hedges, and after they splintered that up the asses of their foes, the Hussars could fall back on pistols, a dagger, and one of two different types of swords. $34 for 24 months with PayPal Creditopens a installment calculator layer* $34 for 24 months. "The Real Battle of Vienna", by Dag Herbjørnsrud, Aeon, 24 July 2018. Polish Winged Hussar. The Viennese and the garrison vowed to fight on as earlier the Turks had massacred the inhabitants of a town that had surrendered on terms. Successive Sultans had launched repeated attacks or jihads on Europe's Christian kingdoms for many centuries. These wings, which were made of ostrich or eagle feathers glued onto wooden frames that arched up and over the back, made an insane whistling noise while the Hussars were charging, completely unsettling, terrifying, and overawing the enemy in the brief moments between when they said, "holy shit WTF" and when they had a kebab skewer jammed into their eye sockets at about a hundred and twenty miles per hour. Well not only are the wild claims of that infamous engagement dubious at best, but it's time that the Polish cavalry – and particularly the Winged Hussars – get appropriately recognized as one of the most eye-skeweringly hardcore associations of asskickers ever assembled. When the Winged Hussars Arrived – The Battle/Siege of Vienna in 1683… The year is 1683. On the same day, the commander Kara Mustafa demanded the surrender of the city. [1] This was a large empire that was centered on the German-speaking lands of modern Austria and its capital was Vienna. The leader of the Hungarian Calvinists, Imre Thököly, appealed to the Turkish grand … Because of deep ravines and other terrain problems, the Poles had been slow to engage, but when they came in on the Christian right, the battle was decided. The Poles under their King John III Sobieski conditionally agreed to participate in Vienna's relief and joined the Holy League, the name given to the anti-Ottoman alliance. The main Ottoman army arrived outside the gates of Vienna on 14 July. The main focus of this book is the final 15-hour battle for Vienna, which climaxed with a massive charge by three divisions of Polish winged hussars. While they have a long and illustrious string of asskickings under their heavyweight championship belts, the Winged Hussars' finest hour came during the epic Battle of Vienna in 1683, when the Ottoman Turkish armies were busting nuts across Eastern Europe looking to conquer all of Christendom. 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