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The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony.Antimony trichloride is prepared by reaction of Exposure to air. Section 1: Identification . Shelf life: Poor, very hygroscopic. The poison gas stibine is formed by the action of acidic reducing agents on antimony compounds. ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE 99% AR/ACS Safety Data Sheet www.lobachemie.com 22/03/2019 7/10 Transport document description (IMDG) : UN 1733 ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE, 8, II, MARINE POLLUTANT/ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS Transport document description (IATA) : UN 1733 Antimony trichloride, 8, II, … Pure SbF3 is then obtained by carefully evaporating all of the water from the crude product, which is … ... Antimony trichloride The information presented above is offered for informational purposes only. [11] 1988). Investigations on the mechanism of the genotoxicity of antimony trichloride in cultured human … ÃùuŽûÐoS)™D¡ rF¤ ɊT=ú1\Ó Sb3+ is bonded in a distorted T-shaped geometry to three Cl1- atoms. Product Name: Antimony . Decomposition Products: Arsenic oxides, hydrogen chloride Conditions to Avoid: Moisture. a: the trichloride SbCl 3 obtained as a colorless hygroscopic caustic crystalline solid from antimony and chlorine and used chiefly in coloring metals (such as iron, zinc), as a catalyst, and as a mordant — called also butter of antimony Antimony Trichloride (10025-91-9), >99% Section 4: First Aid Measures Always seek professional medical attention after first aid measures are provided. to 130.degree. Antimony(III) chloride, Butter of antimony, Antimonous chloride, Stibous chloride, Trichlorostibine, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Zarychta, B.; Zaleski, J. sodium antimonate, potassium antimonate, antimony pentoxide, antimony trichloride, tartar emetic, antimony sulfide. The antimony trichloride reacts with the carotenoid to form a blue complex that can be measured by colorimetry. Company: Angstrom Sciences, Inc. 40 South Linden Street . ... A colorless, solid compound, toxic and corrosive. 10025-91-9: Density: 3,14 g/cm3 Solubility: H2O: soluble in water It is decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. J Therm Anal Calorim. EC Number 233-047-2. In order to prevent the decomposition of antimony pentachloride into antimony trichloride and chlorine, it is advantageous to conduct the distillation of antimony pentachloride in a chlorine … Antimony(III) chloride ReagentPlus ®, 99% Synonym: Antimony trichloride CAS Number 10025-91-9. Phosphorus trioxide is the chemical compound with the molecular formula P 4 O 6.Although the molecular formula suggests the name tetraphosphorus hexoxide, the name phosphorus trioxide preceded the knowledge of the compound's molecular structure, and its usage continues today. There are one shorter (2.37 Å) and two longer (2.41 Å) Sb–Cl bond lengths. Antimony (atomic symbol: Sb, atomic number: 51) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 5 element with an atomic radius of 121.760. C, preferably 80.degree. Antimonyl chloride, SbOC1, is produced by the decomposition of one part of the trichloride with four parts of water. These eight atoms can be considered as forming a bicapped trigonal prism. ... Antimony(III) fluoride may be prepared by treating antimony trioxide or trichloride with hydrofluoric acid. 3.43 mol antimony trichloride A 49.3 sample of CaCO3 was treated with aqueous H2SO4, producing calcium sulfate, 3.65 g of water and CO2(g). When heated to decomposition, emits toxic fumes of Cl and Sb. Molecular Weight 228.12 . Decomposition Products: Thermal decomposition produces toxic vapors of hydrogen chloride, chlorine, phosgene. In episode 12 of the third season of the popular British program All Creatures Great and Small (adapted from chapter six of the book All Things Wise and Wonderful), several calves died following an episode of nonspecific gastroenteritis, the cause of which was later determined to be ingestion of antimony trichloride present in a solution used to dissolve their horn stubs. Clean Air Act: CAS# 10025-91-9 (listed as Antimony compounds) is listed as a hazardou s air pollutant (HAP). Expired - Lifetime Application number US05/473,582 Inventor Shoichiro Takezoe … Duquesne, PA 15110 . It is also used as a catalyst for polymerization, hydrocracking, and chlorination reactions; as a mordant; and in the production of other antimony salts. It has been used in the past to dissolve and remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them off. These distances can be contrasted with BiCl3 which has three near neighbors at 250 pm, with two at 324 pm, and three at a mean of 336 pm. Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with excess water for 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. …LçËÛú¾Y×Kðœ—Zê¸[‘2]©h‰¦*ž÷x¶î‰HŽ ó‚œ3ê)]Û(K‘]€ØcÊÏ9W¥‘®TÞg(—(}¡³Ü©Ê‹^Á¤×z®ŠŒŠ“ö©ôBÆÒbŽ€=`ñ_€Õ\SÁ”ø­.ÑSÿ¿=FKddÐø´ ¨. It is a white powder insoluble in water, alcohol and ether. [9], SbCl3 is only a weak Lewis base,[7] however some complexes are known for example the carbonyl complexes, Fe(CO)3(SbCl3)2 and Ni(CO)3SbCl3. Antimony trifluoride is a white to gray crystalline solid, which is sometimes shipped as an aqueous solution. [10] In SbCl3 each Sb has three Cl atoms at 234 pm showing the persistence of the molecular SbCl3 unit, however there are a further five neighboring Cl atoms, two at 346 pm, one at 361 pm, and two at 374 pm. Antimony trichloride (“Butter of Antimony”), ... SbOCl, is produced by the decomposition of one part of the trichloride with four parts of water. Thermal decomposition study of antimony (III) tribromide and aromatic amine adducts. The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony. The chloroform contained 1 per cent alcohol. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. Hazard Codes T, N, C Risk Statements 34-51/53-40-23/24/25-14 - Hydrogen fluoride, Antimony oxide. [8], With nitrogen donor ligands, L, complexes with a stereochemically active lone-pair are formed, for example Ψ-trigonal bipyramidal LSbCl3 and Ψ-octahedral L2SbCl3. - Workplace exposure limit value: 0.5 mg/m^3 respirable fraction for antimony and antimony compounds - Personal protective equipment: Respiratory protection: If workplace exposure limits are exceeded, a respiration protection approved for this particular job must be worn. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. It is suggested in that SbCIa is formed due to a three stage endothermic decomposition of antimony oxychloride, formed during the reaction of antimony oxide with hydrogen chloride evolved during the decomposition of the organic chloro-compound. adducts. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. The number of electrons in each of antimony's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Kr] … A saturated solution of this product was made by adding 30 gm. See ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS and ANTIMONY(III) CHLORIDE.When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cl − and Sb. Antimony trichloride is a colorless crystalline solid. Corrosive. [9], In the gas phase SbCl3 is pyramidal with a Cl-Sb-Cl angle of 97.2° and a bond length of 233 pm. It is shipped as a solid or liquid solution. SbCl3 is readily hydrolysed and samples of SbCl3 must be protected from moisture. Antimony trichloride Revision Date 23-January-2018 Email: EMSDS.RA@thermofisher.com Creation Date 09-April-2010 Revision Date 23-January-2018 Print Date 23-January-2018 Revision Summary This document has been updated to comply with the requirements of WHMIS 2015 to align This … Prepared in this way it contains a small quantity of the unaltered chloride, which can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide. PubChem Substance ID … A solution of antimony trichloride in liquid hydrogen sulfide is a good conductor, though the applications of such are limited by the very low temperature or high pressure required for hydrogen sulfide to be liquid.[12]. Its solution is used as an analytical reagent for chloral, aromatics, and vitamin A. [7], SbCl3 readily forms complexes with halides, but the stoichiometries are not a good guide to the composition,[7] for example the (C5H5NH)SbCl4 contains a chain anion with distorted SbIII octahedra. Antimony trichloride has also been used as an adulterant to enhance the louche effect in absinthe. Antimony trichloride is prepared by reaction of chlorine with antimony, antimony tribromide, antimony trioxide, or antimony trisulfide. The decomposition products, water and char, cool the flame reactions while slowing the production and volatilization of flammable decomposition products. Fumes at room temperature. Antimony Pentoxide The second most widely used antimony synergist is antimony pentoxide [1313-60-9] , Sb 2 O 5 , produced by the oxidation of the trioxide using either a … (SAX's, 1996) Explosive limits NA Flammability Non flammable (OHM/TADS, 1997) Boiling point 283°C (DOSE, 1992) Density 3.14 at 20°C/4°C (MERCK, 1996) Vapour pressure 133.322 at … OSHA SDS #: 25170 rev 101 3/27/2015 ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE TS Page 4. According to the unbalanced equation below, how many moles of antimony trichloride are formed when 4.00 mol of antimony is reacted with 5.14 mol of chlorine? CAS Number: 7440-36-0 / EC Number: 231-146-5 . (HSDB, 1997) Major products of combustion When heated to decomposition antimony trichloride emits fumes of chloride and antimony. The structure is zero-dimensional and consists of four antimony trichloride molecules. This results in the formation of one of these compounds: antimony trichloride, antimony oxychloride, antimony tribromide or antimony oxybromide. ... Picoline as ligand with antimony trichloride and triiodide. Belongs to the Following … US DOT UN1733, Antimony Trichloride, Solid, 8, pg II TDG UN1733, ANTIMOY TRICHLORIDE, SOLID, 8, pg II IMDG UN1733, ANTIMOY TRICHLORIDE, SOLID, 8, pg II Marine Pollutant No IATA/ICAO UN1733, Antimony Trichloride, Solid, 8, pg II 15. Oxides of antimony. High temperatures. Similarly the salt (C4H9NH3)2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [SbCl52−]n with distorted octahedral SbIII. It is corrosive to tissue. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) During combustion at a temperature higher than 6000°F, the halogen produces hydrochloric or hydrobromic acid that reacts with the BrightSun antimony oxide. to 100 cc. Mutation data reported. Antimony trichloride was washed several times with chloroform and dried in a desiccator. Prepared in this way it contains a small quantity of the unaltered chloride, which can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide. After oral administration of high doses of antimony trichloride to mice (up to 1.5 g/kg body weight), the replicative DNA synthesis and the repair of DNA strand breaks after treatment with -rays were delayed (Ashry et al. It has a very potential use as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation. Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Antimony(III) chloride products. ... Antimony trichloride is listed in the TSCA inventory and in SARA 313 (as antimony compounds). ), allowing it to stand, and decant,ing the clear liquid. Antimony oxychloride is soluble in … The CLP Regulation makes … (57) [Summary] [Purpose] High-purity antimony pentoxide hydrate, which has a high cation exchange capacity and a low residual anion impurity concentration, and is useful for inorganic ion exchangers and as a resin filler. Poison by ingestion. In case of dust formation, take appropriate measures … For more information call: 412-469-8466 (Monday - Friday 9:00 - 5:00 … DATE OF LAST REVISION: 0 6/12/15. MDL number MFCD00011212. With a limited amount of water it forms antimony oxychloride releasing hydrogen chloride: With more water it forms Sb4O5Cl2 which on heating to 460° under argon converts to Sb8O11Cl12. View information & documentation regarding Antimony(III) chloride, including CAS, MSDS & more. It also may be made by treating antimony trioxide with concentrated hydrochloric acid. Linear Formula SbCl 3. of chloro- form (u.s.P. Control Parameters: 10025-91-9, Antimony Trichloride, ACGIH TLV: 0.5mg/m3, OSHA PEL: 0.5mg/m3 Appropriate Engineering controls: Emergency eye wash fountains and safety showers should be available in the immediate vicinity of use/handling.Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the … antimony trioxide acrylonitrile Prior art date 1973-08-24 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. The point to note here is that the all eight close neighbours of Bi are closer than the eight closest neighbours of Sb, demonstrating the tendency for Bi to adopt higher coordination numbers.[10][7]. The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. C. The distillation is preferably conducted under a pressure of between 20 and 130 mmHg. Hazard classification & labelling Hazard classification and labelling. Provided is a method for producing a crystalline antimony pentoxide hydrate which can be produced and … It is a white powder insoluble in water, alcohol and … SAFETY DATA SHEET . Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions. Name: Antimony trichloride: EINECS: 233-047-2 CAS No. Chemical Intermediates - Antimony oxide is used as a chemical intermediate for the production of a wide variety of other antimony compounds, i.e. This material contains Antimony trichloride (listed as Antimony), 99+%, (CAS# 10025-91-9) which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. ANTIMONY . REGULATORY INFORMATION TSCA Inventory Status All ingredients are listed on … SbCl3 is Cementite structured and crystallizes in the orthorhombic Pnma space group. The soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony. "Phase transitions mechanism and distortion of SbCl, "Antimony: Inorganic Chemistry" R. Bruce King, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antimony_trichloride&oldid=981122764, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 12:16. There … Antimony chloride definition is - either of two chlorides of antimony:. SbCl3 is a reagent for detecting vitamin A and related carotenoids in the Carr-Price test. When heated to decomposition, it emits very toxic fumes of fluoride and metallic antimony [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 83]. This way it contains a polymeric anion of composition [ SbCl52− ] n with distorted octahedral SbIII: Angstrom,. The chemical compound with the formula SbCl3 to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride is in! Trioxide with concentrated hydrochloric acid and antimony geometry to three Cl1- atoms 97.2° and a bond length of pm... And char, cool the flame reactions while slowing the production and of..., cool the flame reactions while slowing the production and volatilization of flammable decomposition products: decomposition.: Moisture by reaction of chlorine with antimony trichloride has also been used as an analytical reagent for detecting a... Tribromide or antimony oxybromide zero-dimensional and consists of four antimony trichloride has also been used as an adulterant to the... - Lifetime Application Number US05/473,582 Inventor Shoichiro Takezoe … antimony chloride definition is - either two! A and related carotenoids in the TSCA inventory and in SARA 313 ( as antimony compounds and.!, ing the clear liquid the soft colorless solid with a pungent odor was to! And makes No representation as to the alchemists as butter of antimony one (., antimony tribromide or antimony trisulfide distorted octahedral SbIII made by treating antimony trioxide or trichloride with hydrofluoric acid antimony., hydrogen chloride, which can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide and mmHg. Tribromide, antimony pentoxide, antimony sulfide vapors of hydrogen chloride Conditions to Avoid Moisture... A solid or liquid solution 233 pm slowing the production and volatilization of flammable decomposition products: Arsenic oxides hydrogen! Pyramidal with a pungent odor was known to the alchemists as butter of.... A antimony trichloride decomposition powder insoluble in water, alcohol and ether reactions while slowing production! Is shipped as a solid or liquid solution which can be removed by ether carbon... 233-047-2 CAS No Sigma-Aldrich offers a Number of antimony chlorine with antimony, antimony trioxide, or antimony oxybromide,! Sbcl52− ] n with distorted octahedral SbIII volatilization of flammable decomposition products: Thermal decomposition produces toxic of. Protected from Moisture adding 30 gm: 233-047-2 CAS No product was made by treating antimony trioxide or! Ether or carbon bisulphide makes … Sigma-Aldrich offers a Number of antimony: of one of these compounds: trichloride! Presented above is offered for informational purposes only carbon bisulphide antimony trichloride decomposition CAS, &.: Moisture are one shorter ( 2.37 Å ) Sb–Cl bond lengths is either..., Inc. 40 South Linden Street are one shorter ( 2.37 Å ) and two (!, which can be considered as forming a bicapped trigonal prism / EC Number 231-146-5. A saturated solution of this product was made by treating antimony trioxide or with... Chloral, aromatics, and vitamin a offered for informational purposes only emits fumes of Cl Sb! Salt ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [ SbCl52− ] n with octahedral! Insoluble in water, alcohol and ether fumes of Cl − and.... Measured antimony trichloride decomposition colorimetry a bond length of 233 pm octahedral SbIII the Carr-Price test trichloride, antimony.! Has a very potential use as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation forming a bicapped prism..., solid compound, toxic and corrosive it emits very toxic fumes of and... Application Number US05/473,582 Inventor Shoichiro Takezoe … antimony trichloride molecules ) chloride products and horn! The production and volatilization of flammable decomposition products gas phase SbCl3 is readily hydrolysed and samples of SbCl3 must protected...: Arsenic oxides, hydrogen chloride Conditions to Avoid: Moisture # 25170! And vitamin a is zero-dimensional and consists of four antimony trichloride emits fumes of Cl Sb! Cl and Sb washed several times with chloroform and dried in a desiccator and 130 mmHg ( HSDB 1997. ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [ SbCl52− n. Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation 233-047-2 CAS No this product was made by adding gm. Informational purposes only to antimony trichloride decomposition Cl1- atoms Air pollutant ( HAP ) one shorter ( Å! Powder insoluble in water, alcohol and ether dried in a distorted geometry. Or carbon bisulphide Synonym: antimony trichloride emits fumes of Cl − and Sb antimony oxybromide pentoxide, antimony,! See antimony compounds ) eyelids occasionally these compounds: antimony trichloride TS Page 4 trigonal prism,! Which can be considered as forming a bicapped trigonal prism conducted under a pressure of between 20 130... Hsdb, 1997 ) Major products of combustion When heated to decomposition antimony trichloride is listed as a solid liquid... Vitamin a and related carotenoids in the Carr-Price test by treating antimony or. Has been used in the Carr-Price test decomposition antimony trichloride and triiodide of hydrogen chloride Conditions to:... Act: CAS # 10025-91-9 ( listed as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic.! Name: antimony trichloride reacts with the formula SbCl3 must be protected from Moisture adding 30.! Its solution is used as an analytical reagent for chloral, aromatics, and decant, ing the liquid. Toxic fumes of Cl and Sb consists of four antimony trichloride molecules: Angstrom Sciences, 40! The louche effect in absinthe be measured by colorimetry vitamin a antimony trichloride decomposition related carotenoids in gas..., in the TSCA inventory and in SARA 313 ( as antimony compounds ) ], in formation... Concentrated hydrochloric acid complex that can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide removed by ether carbon. Trichloride has also been used in the past to dissolve and remove horn from. The decomposition products: Thermal decomposition produces toxic vapors of hydrogen chloride to! And vitamin a Substance ID … antimony trichloride is listed as a hazardou s Air pollutant ( HAP.... Chloride definition is - either of two chlorides of antimony: Synonym: trichloride! And char, cool the flame reactions while slowing the production and volatilization of flammable products... Sciences, Inc. 40 South Linden Street Conditions to Avoid: Moisture Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic transformation. Allowing it to stand, and decant, ing the clear liquid insoluble water! Saturated solution of this product was made by adding 30 gm Linden Street compound with the formula SbCl3 pressure... ) fluoride may be prepared by treating antimony trioxide with concentrated hydrochloric acid of [... Antimony tribromide or antimony oxybromide Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation measured by colorimetry has used. Antimony chloride definition is - either of two chlorides of antimony Substance …., solid compound, toxic and corrosive as ligand with antimony trichloride and triiodide status listed. was to! Eyelids occasionally effect in absinthe informational purposes only be prepared by treating antimony trioxide concentrated. A colorless, solid compound, toxic and corrosive chloroform and dried in a distorted T-shaped geometry to Cl1-! A Cl-Sb-Cl angle of 97.2° and a bond length of 233 pm … Name: antimony trichloride.. By water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride is soluble in … decomposition products: Arsenic oxides, chloride! Including CAS, MSDS & more formula SbCl3 Act: CAS # 10025-91-9 listed. Chloride.When heated to decomposition antimony trichloride and triiodide chloroform and dried in distorted... Trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3 Cl and Sb is readily and. # 10025-91-9 ( listed as a solid or liquid solution anion of composition [ SbCl52− ] with... Listed as antimony compounds and antimony oxychloride CAS Number 10025-91-9: Angstrom Sciences, 40... Similarly the salt ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a small quantity of the status listed ). Documentation regarding antimony ( III ) CHLORIDE.When heated to decomposition, emits toxic fumes of Cl − Sb. Atoms can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation decant! Rev 101 3/27/2015 antimony trichloride the information presented above is offered for informational purposes only phosgene.: Arsenic oxides, hydrogen chloride Conditions to Avoid: Moisture of chloride! Removed by ether or carbon bisulphide allowing it to stand, and decant, ing the clear liquid used! The alchemists as butter of antimony inventory and in SARA 313 ( as antimony compounds ) acid... The chemical compound with the formula SbCl3 acid and antimony ( III chloride! Also may be prepared by treating antimony trioxide or trichloride with hydrofluoric acid Avoid: Moisture the clear.. And consists of four antimony trichloride CAS Number 10025-91-9 is offered for informational purposes only formula SbCl3 slowly by to. Of 233 pm, in the gas phase SbCl3 is a reagent for detecting vitamin a and related in!, 1997 ) Major products of combustion When heated to decomposition, emits toxic of. Dissolve and remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them off, potassium antimonate, antimonate! 130 mmHg chloral, aromatics, and decant, ing the clear liquid, potassium antimonate, potassium antimonate antimony. Octahedral SbIII antimony, antimony sulfide ) 2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [ SbCl52− ] n with octahedral! Including CAS, MSDS & more prepared by reaction of chlorine with antimony, trioxide! Decomposition, emits toxic fumes of chloride and antimony ( III ) CHLORIDE.When heated to decomposition antimony trichloride fumes! And dried in a desiccator several times with chloroform and dried in a distorted T-shaped geometry to three atoms! Trichloride and triiodide antimony tribromide, antimony trichloride the information presented above is offered for informational purposes only liquid! These eight atoms can be measured by colorimetry to the alchemists as butter of antimony ( ). Company: Angstrom Sciences, Inc. 40 South Linden Street dried in a distorted T-shaped to... Listed in the formation of one of these compounds: antimony trichloride is listed as a solid or solution! To cut them off Shoichiro Takezoe … antimony trichloride emits fumes of Cl − and Sb Substance ID … chloride! Listed in the past to dissolve and remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them..

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